Mybatis 复杂对象resultMap的使用

目录
  • mybatis 复杂对象resultMap
    • 下面是resultMap的定义
    • 普通属性省略说明
    • select相关配置
    • Model代码
  • resultMap处理复杂映射问题
    • Ⅰ 多对一查询:学生——老师
      • (1) 创建实体类POJO
      • (2) 创建学生实体类对应的接口
      • (3) 编写学生接口对应的Mapper.xml
      • (4)在核心配置类中引入Mapper
    • Ⅱ 一对多查询:老师——学生
      • (1)实体类
      • (2) 接口
      • (3)接口对应的Mapper.xml
      • (4)测试

Mybatis 复杂对象resultMap

数据对象含有普通属性,一对一对象,一对多对象(2种情况:单一主键和复合主键)

下面是resultMap的定义


 <resultMap id="GoodsResultMap" type="GoodsModelCustomize">
        <id property="goods_cd" column="goods_cd" />
        <result property="production_company_cd" column="production_company_cd" />
        <result property="production_place_cd" column="production_place_cd" />
        <result property="goods_nm_jp" column="goods_nm_jp" />
        <result property="goods_nm_en" column="goods_nm_en" />
        <result property="goods_nm_zh" column="goods_nm_zh" />
        <result property="goods_type" column="goods_type" />
        <result property="goods_package" column="goods_package" />
        <result property="upd_dttm" column="upd_dttm" />
		<association property="productioncompany" column="production_company_cd" javaType="trade.db.model.Productioncompany">
			<id property="production_company_cd" column="production_company_cd"/>
			<result property="company_nm_jp" column="company_nm_jp"/>
			<result property="company_rnm_jp" column="company_rnm_jp"/>
		</association>
		<collection property="goodsnutrientList" column="goods_cd" ofType="trade.db.model.Goodsnutrient" select="getGoodsnutrient" />
		<collection property="liquorgoodsccicList" column="goods_cd" ofType="trade.db.model.Liquorgoodsccic" select="getLiquorgoodsccic">
       		<id property="goods_cd" column="goods_cd" />
			<id property="ccic_item_cd" column="ccic_item_cd"/>
			<result property="ccic_item_val1" column="ccic_item_val1"/>
		</collection>
		<collection property="projectgoodsList" column="goods_cd" ofType="trade.db.model.Projectgoods" select="getProjectgoods">
			<id property="project_goods_cd" column="project_goods_cd"/>
			<result property="project_cd" column="project_cd"/>
			<result property="goods_cd" column="goods_cd"/>
		</collection>
    </resultMap>
    <resultMap id="GoodsnutrientResultMap" type="Goodsnutrient">
        <id property="goods_cd" column="goods_cd" />
        <id property="nutrient_item_cd" column="nutrient_item_cd" />
        <result property="sort_no" column="sort_no" />
        <result property="nutrient_value" column="nutrient_value" />
        <result property="nutrient_nrv" column="nutrient_nrv" />
        <result property="upd_dttm" column="upd_dttm" />
    </resultMap>

普通属性省略说明

  • 一对一属性productioncompany
  • 一对多属性goodsnutrientList(复合主键,返回的复杂对象内有数据)
  • 一对多属性liquorgoodsccicList(复合主键,返回的复杂对象内没有数据)
  • 一对多属性projectgoodsList(单一主键,返回的复杂对象内有数据)

select相关配置


    <select id="getGoodsnutrient" parameterType="String" resultMap="GoodsnutrientResultMap">
        SELECT 
        	m_goods_nutrient.*
        FROM m_goods_nutrient
        <where>
        	m_goods_nutrient.goods_cd = #{goods_cd}
        	AND m_goods_nutrient.del_flg = '0'
        </where>
    </select>
    <select id="getLiquorgoodsccic" parameterType="String" resultType="trade.db.model.Liquorgoodsccic">
        SELECT 
        	m_liquorgoods_ccic.*
        FROM m_liquorgoods_ccic
        <where>
        	m_liquorgoods_ccic.goods_cd = #{goods_cd}
        	AND m_liquorgoods_ccic.del_flg = '0'
        </where>
    </select>
   <select id="getProjectgoods" parameterType="String" resultType="trade.db.model.Projectgoods">
        SELECT 
        	t_project_goods.*
        FROM t_project_goods
        <where>
        	t_project_goods.goods_cd = #{goods_cd}
        	AND t_project_goods.del_flg = '0'
        </where>
    </select>
   <select id="findByPrimaryKey" parameterType="String" resultMap="GoodsResultMap">
        SELECT 
            m_goods.*,
        	m_production_company.*,
            now() AS SELECT_TIME
        FROM m_goods
        LEFT JOIN
        	m_production_company
        	ON m_goods.production_company_cd = m_production_company.production_company_cd
        	AND m_production_company.del_flg = '0'
        WHERE
              m_goods.goods_cd = #{primary_key}
        	AND m_goods.del_flg = '0'
    </select>
  • 通过findByPrimaryKey方法获取普通属性和1对1对象属性
  • 通过getGoodsnutrient方法获取1对多复合主键的属性,注意返回类型的配置为resultMap=“GoodsnutrientResultMap”(返回的对象的List属性内有数据)
  • 通过getLiquorgoodsccic方法获取1对多复合主键的属性,此处的返回类型为 resultType=“trade.db.model.Liquorgoodsccic”(返回的对象的List属性内没有数据)
  • 通过getProjectgoods方法获取1对多单一主键的属性,此处的返回类型为resultType=“trade.db.model.Projectgoods”(返回的对象的List属性内有数据)

Model代码


public class GoodsModelCustomize extends Goods {
	
	private Productioncompany productioncompany;
	public Productioncompany getProductioncompany() {
		return productioncompany;
	}
	public void setProductioncompany(Productioncompany productioncompany) {
		this.productioncompany = productioncompany;
	}
	
	private List<Goodsnutrient> goodsnutrientList;
	public List<Goodsnutrient> getGoodsnutrientList() {
		return goodsnutrientList;
	}
	public void setGoodsnutrientList(List<Goodsnutrient> goodsnutrientList) {
		this.goodsnutrientList = goodsnutrientList;
	}
	
	private List<Liquorgoodsccic> liquorgoodsccicList;
	public List<Liquorgoodsccic> getLiquorgoodsccicList() {
		return liquorgoodsccicList;
	}
	public void setLiquorgoodsccicList(List<Liquorgoodsccic> liquorgoodsccicList) {
		this.liquorgoodsccicList = liquorgoodsccicList;
	}
	
	private List<Projectgoods> projectgoodsList;
	public List<Projectgoods> getProjectgoodsList() {
		return projectgoodsList;
	}
	public void setProjectgoodsList(List<Projectgoods> projectgoodsList) {
		this.projectgoodsList = projectgoodsList;
	}
}

普通属性继承与Goods代码省略,上述属性productioncompany,goodsnutrientList和projectgoodsList有数据,但是liquorgoodsccicList没有数据

因此,当返回对象内有1对多的List属性,同时此list为复合主键的话,推荐使用resultMap来对返回数据映射。

resultMap处理复杂映射问题

在这里插入图片描述

  • association:关联(多对一的情况)
  • collection: 集合(一对多的情况)
  • javaType: 用来指定实体类中属性的类型。
  • ofType: 用来指定映射到List或集合中POJO的类型,泛型的约束类型。

Ⅰ 多对一查询:学生——老师

数据库表:


CREATE TABLE `teacher` (
`id` INT(10) NOT NULL,
`name` VARCHAR(30) DEFAULT NULL,
PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
) ENGINE=INNODB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;
INSERT INTO teacher(`id`, `name`) VALUES (1, '王老师');
CREATE TABLE `student` (
`id` INT(10) NOT NULL,
`name` VARCHAR(30) DEFAULT NULL,
`tid` INT(10) DEFAULT NULL,
PRIMARY KEY (`id`),
KEY `fktid` (`tid`),
CONSTRaiNT `fktid` FOREIGN KEY (`tid`) REFERENCES `teacher` (`id`)
) ENGINE=INNODB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;
INSERT INTO `student` (`id`, `name`, `tid`) VALUES ('1', '小明', '1');
INSERT INTO `student` (`id`, `name`, `tid`) VALUES ('2', '小红', '1');
INSERT INTO `student` (`id`, `name`, `tid`) VALUES ('3', '小张', '1');
INSERT INTO `student` (`id`, `name`, `tid`) VALUES ('4', '小李', '1');
INSERT INTO `student` (`id`, `name`, `tid`) VALUES ('5', '小王', '1');

在这里插入图片描述

(1) 创建实体类POJO


@Data
public class Student {
    private int id;
    private String name;
    private Teacher teacher;
}

@Data
public class Teacher {
    private int id;
    private String name;
}

(2) 创建学生实体类对应的接口


public interface StudentMapper {
    //查询所有学生的信息
    List<Student> getStudent();
    List<Student> getStudent2();
}

(3) 编写学生接口对应的Mapper.xml

为了达到和接口在同一个包中的效果,在resource文件夹下新建包结构com.glp.dao:

在这里插入图片描述


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE mapper
        PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Config 3.0//EN"
        "Http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd">
<mapper namespace="com.glp.dao.StudentMapper">
<!--按照结果查询——联表查询-->
    <select id="getStudent2" resultMap="StudentMap2">
         select s.id sid,s.name sname,t.name tname from student s, teacher t where s.tid=t.id;
    </select>
    <resultMap id="StudentMap2" type="Student">
         <result property="id" column="sid"/>
         <result property="name" column="sname"/>
        <association property="teacher" javaType="Teacher">
            <result property="name" column="tname"/>
        </association>
    </resultMap>
    <!--按照查询嵌套处理——子查询-->
        <select id="getStudent" resultMap="StudentMap" >
           select * from student;
        </select>
    <resultMap id="StudentMap" type="Student">
        <result property="id" column="id"/>
        <result property="name" column="name"/>
        <!--复杂属性:对象association, 集合collection-->
        <association property="teacher" column="tid" javaType="Teacher" select="getTeacher"/>
    </resultMap>
        
        <select id="getTeacher" resultType="Teacher">
            select * from teacher where id = #{id};
        </select>
</mapper>

在多对一查询中,需要用到teacher这个表,每个学生都对应着一个老师。而property只能处理单个属性,像teacher这种复杂属性(内含多个属性)需要进行处理。处理复杂对象要用association 。

方式一:联表查询(直接查出所有信息,再对结果进行处理)


   <resultMap id="StudentMap2" type="Student">
         <result property="id" column="sid"/>
         <result property="name" column="sname"/>
        <association property="teacher" javaType="Teacher">
            <result property="name" column="tname"/>
        </association>
    </resultMap>

直接查询出学生和老师,然后用association去取老师里面的属性property。

方式二:子查询(先查出学生信息,再拿着学生中的tid,去查询老师的信息)


  <resultMap id="StudentMap" type="Student">
        <result property="id" column="id"/>
        <result property="name" column="name"/>
        <!--复杂属性:对象association-->
        <association property="teacher" column="tid" javaType="Teacher" select="getTeacher"/>
    </resultMap>
        
        <select id="getTeacher" resultType="Teacher">
            select * from teacher where id = #{id};
        </select>

在resultMap中引入属性association,通过javaType指定property="teacher"的类型,javaType="Teacher"。通过select引入子查询(嵌套查询)。

在这里插入图片描述

这里是拿到学生中的tid,去查找对应的老师。

(4)在核心配置类中引入Mapper

db.properties:数据库连接参数配置文件


driver = com.Mysql.jdbc.Driver
url=jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/mybatis?useSSL=true&useUnicode=true&chracterEncoding=utf8
username =root
passWord =mysql

mybatis.xml:


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE configuration
        PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Config 3.0//EN"
        "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-config.dtd">
<configuration>
    <properties resource="db.properties">
        <property name="username" value="root"/>
        <property name="password" value="mysql"/>
    </properties>
    <settings>
        <setting name="logImpl" value="STDOUT_LOGGING"/>
    </settings>
    <typeAliases>
        <typeAlias type="com.glp.POJO.Student" alias="Student"/>
        <typeAlias type="com.glp.POJO.Teacher" alias="Teacher"/>
    </typeAliases>
    <environments default="development">
        <environment id="development">
            <transactionManager type="JDBC"/>
            <dataSource type="POOLED">
                <property name="driver" value="${driver}"/>
                <property name="url" value="${url}}"/>
                <property name="username" value="${username}"/>
                <property name="password" value="${password}"/>
            </dataSource>
        </environment>
    </environments>
    <mappers>
        <mapper class="com.glp.dao.StudentMapper"/>
        <mapper class="com.glp.dao.TeacherMapper"/>
    </mappers>
</configuration>

注意:

要保证接口和Mapper.xml都在同一个包中。

(5) 测试


public class UserDaoTest {
    @Test
    public void getStudent(){
        SqlSession sqlSession = MyUtils.getSqlSession();
        StudentMapper mapper = sqlSession.getMapper(StudentMapper.class);
        List<Student> list = mapper.getStudent();
        for (Student stu:list ) {
            System.out.println(stu);
        }
        sqlSession.close();
    }
    @Test
    public void getStudent2(){
        SqlSession sqlSession = MyUtils.getSqlSession();
        StudentMapper mapper = sqlSession.getMapper(StudentMapper.class);
        List<Student> list = mapper.getStudent2();
        for (Student stu:list ) {
            System.out.println(stu);
        }
        sqlSession.close();
    }
}

Ⅱ 一对多查询:老师——学生

在这里插入图片描述

(1)实体类


@Data
public class Student {
    private int id;
    private String name;
    private int tid;
}

@Data
public class Teacher {
    private int id;
    private String name;
    private List<Student> students;
}

(2) 接口


package com.glp.dao;
public interface TeacherMapper {
    Teacher getTeacher(@Param("tid") int id);
    Teacher getTeacher2(@Param("tid") int id);
}

(3)接口对应的Mapper.xml


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE mapper
        PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Config 3.0//EN"
        "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd">
<mapper namespace="com.glp.dao.TeacherMapper">
  <!--方式一          =======================                  -->
    <select id="getTeacher" resultMap="TeacherStudent">
        select s.id sid, s.name sname, t.name tname, t.id tid from
        student s ,teacher t where s.tid = t.id and t.id = #{tid};
    </select>
    <resultMap id="TeacherStudent" type="Teacher">
        <result property="id" column="tid"/>
        <result property="name" column="tname"/>
        <collection property="students" ofType="Student">
            <result property="id" column="sid"/>
            <result property="name" column="sname"/>
            <result property="tid" column="tid"/>
        </collection>
    </resultMap>
    <!--方式二          =======================                  -->
    <select id="getTeacher2" resultMap="TeacherStudent2">
        select * from teacher where id = #{tid};
         <!--这里的tid和接口中指定的属性名相同-->
    </select>
    <resultMap id="TeacherStudent2" type="Teacher">
     <result property="id" column="id"/>
        <result property="name" column="name"/>
           <!--上面的两个可以省略-->
        <collection property="students"  column="id" javaType="ArrayList" ofType="Student"  select="getStuById"/>
    </resultMap>
    <select id="getStuById" resultType="Student">
        select * from student where tid=#{tid};
           <!--查询老师对应的学生,#{tid}-->
    </select>
</mapper>

方式一:联表查询,需要写复杂SQL

collection 用来处理集合,ofType用来指定集合中的约束类型

联合查询时,查询出所以结果,然后再解析结果中的属性,将属性property赋予到collection中。

方式二:子查询,需要写复杂映射关系

在这里插入图片描述

在这里插入图片描述

查询学生时,需要拿着老师的id去查找,column用来给出老师的id。

(4)测试:


package com.glp.dao;
public class UserDaoTest {
    @Test
    public void getTeacher(){
        SqlSession sqlSession = MyUtils.getSqlSession();
        TeacherMapper mapper = sqlSession.getMapper(TeacherMapper.class);
        Teacher teacher = mapper.getTeacher(1);
        System.out.println(teacher);
        sqlSession.close();
    }
    @Test
    public void getTeacher2(){
        SqlSession sqlSession = MyUtils.getSqlSession();
        TeacherMapper mapper = sqlSession.getMapper(TeacherMapper.class);
        Teacher teacher = mapper.getTeacher2(1);
        System.out.println(teacher);
        sqlSession.close();
    }
}

以上为个人经验,希望能给大家一个参考,也希望大家多多支持编程界。

--结束END--

本文标题: Mybatis 复杂对象resultMap的使用

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